In an ever ambitious campaign to study not only the Moon, but Mars, now China’s Tianwen-1 probe carries an orbiter, lander, and rover, set to touch down on Mars shortly. This would be the first instance of another country other than the United States successfully and safely landing at the surface of Mars. As over two-thirds of missions to The Red Planet have failed, now China seeks to do what other countries (other than the United States) have not been able to accomplish and successfully land their rover and lander at the Martian surface.
(CNN) China’s Tianwen-1 probe has sent back its first picture of Mars, according to the Chinese space agency.Tianwen-1, whose name means “Quest for Heavenly Truth,” sent back a black and white picture of the red planet, which was taken when the probe was around 2.2 million kilometers away from Mars, the CSA said. Launched in July last year, the probe is China’s first mission to Mars. Tianwen-1 will orbit the planet before landing a rover on the surface, with the hope that it can gather important information about the Martian soil, geological structure, environment, atmosphere, and search for signs of water.
The unmanned probe is around 184 million km from Earth and 1.1 million km from Mars, the CSA said Friday, adding that the craft had flown some 197 days and more than 465 million kilometers to reach the planet.
Tianwen-1 conducted its fourth orbital correction on Friday evening as the spacecraft prepares to arrive in orbit around February 10, where it will “brake” to slow down and be captured by the planet’s gravity, according to the agency.According to the scientific team behind Tianwen-1, the probe is “going to orbit, land and release a rover all on the very first try, and coordinate observations with an orbiter.”
“No planetary missions have ever been implemented in this way,” the team said in a paper released in July.Tianwen-1 was one of three Mars missions that launched last July, along with NASA’s Perseverance rover, which will land on Mars on February 18, and the United Arab Emirates’ Hope Probe, which will orbit the planet, and enter orbit February 9.All three missions launched around the same time due to an alignment between Mars and the Earth on the same side of the sun, making for a more efficient journey to the red planet.
Original story appears on CNN by James Griffiths and Ashley Strickland as contributing reporters: https://www.cnn.com/2021/02/06/asia/china-mars-tianwen-1-intl-scli-scn/index.htmlFollow Iplex